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July 3, 2018

Muslims and Urdu in India

Filed under: Language,Urdu — Razib Khan @ 5:09 pm

The plot above shows the % Urdu speakers vs. % Muslim in states where Muslims are 4% or more of the population. The data is from Census 2011 (thanks for Vikram of the language data). There are some interesting trends. Assuming that the vast majority of Urdu speakers are Muslim, it seems that in India the core Urdu-identified region is in the Deccan and to the east of its traditional heartland, in Bihar. In South India, 30% of Muslims in Tamil Nadu may be Urdu-speaking. But in Kerala the fraction is almost zero, while in Gujarat and West Bengal less than 10% of the Muslims are Urdu-speaking.

Below the fold is the table.

State Hindu Muslim Urdu Ratio
Andhra Pradesh 88% 10% 9% 93%
Karnataka 84% 13% 11% 84%
Maharashtra 80% 12% 7% 58%
Bihar 83% 17% 8% 50%
Jharkhand 68% 15% 6% 41%
Delhi 82% 13% 5% 40%
Goa 66% 8% 3% 34%
Uttarakhand 83% 14% 4% 30%
Tamil Nadu 88% 6% 2% 30%
Uttar Pradesh 80% 19% 5% 28%
Haryana 87% 7% 1% 21%
Chandigarh 81% 5% 1% 21%
Madhya Pradesh 91% 7% 1% 19%
Puducherry 87% 6% 1% 11%
Rajasthan 88% 9% 1% 11%
Dadra and Nagar Haveli 94% 4% 0% 9%
Gujarat 89% 10% 1% 8%
West Bengal 71% 27% 2% 7%
Daman and Diu 91% 8% 0% 5%
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 69% 9% 0% 4%
Meghalaya 12% 4% 0% 2%
Jammu and Kashmir 28% 68% 0% 0%
Kerala 55% 27% 0% 0%
Manipur 41% 8% 0% 0%
Tripura 83% 9% 0% 0%
Assam 61% 34% 0% 0%
Lakshadweep 3% 97% 0% 0%

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