Razib Khan One-stop-shopping for all of my content

April 30, 2011

Pride in self, and what self is

Filed under: Caste,Culture,Identity — Razib Khan @ 10:48 pm

In the post below I was clearly poking fun at people who I believe are unseemly in their espousal of group identity and pride in that identity. I did not though imply that all such pride and affinity is unseemly. There are two issues. One is endogenous, and one is exogenous. The endogenous one is of values. People exhibit a range of natural or learned disposition in terms of their individualism. I for example have minimal interest in group affinity in a deep and fundamental sense, as I think so little of the human race as a whole. I’d rather focus on improving myself than spending a great deal of time exploring and reflecting my “heritage” because it is my heritage. For me my grandparents were an accident of birth. Other people can take a different perspective because they are different.


The second issue is exogenous, and that is one of context. This is more intelligible in terms of religion. Below Zack expressed the wish that a co-religionist should not appeal to God in making an argument. This is a matter of public reason. I don’t believe in God, so not only does an appeal to a non-existent primitive superstition not move me, but it might distract me. It is also unseemly that an individual interpose their primitive superstition into a serious argument. On the other hand if the argument is aimed at those whom you can be assured are theists then it seems eminently reasonable to use language which nods to one’s theistic presuppositions. More narrowly, if your audience consists of Christians, speak of Jesus. If they consist of Muslims, speak of Muhammad and Allah. One of the main issues I have with Islam is that Muslims are not always trained in the West that the religious chauvinism that they take for granted in their barbaric cultures of origin are not acceptable in the public forum. The only religionists who speak about their faith in specific and effusive terms in the United States as Muslims are evangelical Christians, and their mode of interposing religion into the public discussion has been a major source of political and social conflict.

I think the lesson when it comes to ethnic or community pride is the same. Within the ethnos or community pride can be healthy and taken in stride. But in a more mixed gathering it often is seen to be farcical posturing. Additionally many individualists like myself often stereotype the sorts who prattle on about their group identity as losers who have no individual excellence to appeal to. No offense, but my experience is that the Jews who talk constantly about the accomplishments of their nation in domains such as Nobel Prize awards are the Jews who are the least likely of all to ever attain the level of achievement worthy of any recognition.

True excellence is understated.

Country of visitors over the past 1.5 months

Filed under: Blog — Razib Khan @ 10:30 pm

The “law school scam” media bubble

Filed under: Culture,Education,Law school scam — Razib Khan @ 1:58 pm

If you’re like me you have friends and acquaintances who want to go to law school. I often respond sarcastically that “a mind is a terrible thing to waste.” There have long been “law school scam” blogs, but it seems that right now there’s a veritable bubble in media reports on exactly how law schools are screwing their students. Remember, law school debt is not dischargeable in bankruptcy.

First, an article in The New Republic, Served: How law schools completely misrepresent their job numbers:

When we take temporary employment into account, it appears that approximately 45 percent of 2010 graduates of this particular top-50 law school had real legal jobs nine months after graduation. And the overall number is likely lower, since it seems probable that the temporary employment figures for the graduates of almost any top 50 school would be better than the average outcome for the graduates of the 198 ABA-accredited law schools as a whole.

Even this grim figure, however, may be unduly optimistic. All these statistics are based on self-reporting, and neither law schools nor NALP audit the data they publish. In the course of my research, I audited a representative sample of individual graduate responses and ...

“Out of Africa” vs. “Multi-regionalism” revisited

Filed under: Evolution,Human Evolution,Multiregionalism,Out-of-Africa — Razib Khan @ 12:48 pm

A few months ago I exchanged some emails with Milford H. Wolpoff and Chris Stringer. These are the two figures who have loomed large in paleoanthropology and the origins of modernity human for a generation, and they were keen in making sure that their perspectives were represented accurately in the media. To further that they sent me some documents which would lay out their perspective, in their own words, and away from the public glare (as in, they’re academic publications).


Here is Wolpoff’s 1984 manifesto of sorts of ‘Multi-regionalism.’ Much of the morphological material is totally opaque to me, but the basic evolutionary logic is rather clear. Stringer sent me two documents, a scientific paper and a more personal chapter of a book. These works predate recent developments, so they are of interest from a history of thought perspective.

I’m not one of the personalities at the heart of this debate obviously. There are hard feelings here. Wolpoff indicated to me that he still has issues with Stringer, despite reports that there was some sort of reconciliation. But one of the things that is really evident to me to reading through this material is ...

The loss of sacred belief?

Filed under: Culture,philosophy — Razib Khan @ 11:32 am

Over at the Less Wrong blog there is a post, So You’ve Changed Your Mind. This portion caught my attention:

So you’ve changed your mind. Given up your sacred belief, the one that defined so much of who you are for so long.

You are probably feeling pretty scared right now.

I reflected and realized that the various issues where I’ve held relatively strong opinions and then changed my mind were generally cases where I relied on received wisdom, looked more closely, and felt that there was some misrepresentation among the orthodox gatekeepers of wisdom. But there’s one “big” issue that I guess I have changed my mind: I used to view all utility calculations on the scale of the individual, and accepted that all entities above or below the scale of the individual were useful only as a means toward individual well being. I probably wouldn’t defend this position anymore, though I think it has a logical coherency and may still be viable in some places and times. I’m not a “communitarian” or anything like that, rather, I have an impulse to just disavow these sorts of formal constructions of how best to attain and maintain human happiness in a time and ...

The soft twilight of monarchies

Filed under: Culture,Monarchy,Politics — Razib Khan @ 1:54 am

Years ago I took a course on Tudor and Stuart England. Its primary focus was more on social and cultural aspects of British society at the time, rather than diplomatic history. Later I took an interest in the England of the Civil War era. One thing that struck me was the unquestioned acceptance of monarchy in the minds of the people, from high nobility to low commoner. Like the Romans before the Visigothic sack in the early 5th century these were a people who could not imagine a world any different than the one they had known. That is one of the things which made the execution of Charles I so shocking to many contemporaries. Myself, I was tacitly indoctrinated in American republicanism as a child. Films like the The Patriot grow in the rich soil of the same cultural environment which gave rise to the phenomenon of the antagonists in Roman era films speaking with British accents while the protagonists had robust American drawls. As I spent my formative years on the fringes of of New England there was particular pride taken in that region’s early role ...

Open Thread – 4/30/2011

Filed under: Blog — Razib Khan @ 12:30 am

I haven’t had these for a while. Following a request from the new year I’ve been mulling how to write up Population Structure and Eigenanalysis in an intelligible manner to the general readership. Still kind of at an impasse. On a logistical note, my email address is really getting on way too many mailing lists. If you want a prompt response from me twitter might be best, at least until I get overwhelmed by the noise on that service and move on to something else….

Make your voice heard on genetic testing

Filed under: D.T.C.,F.D.A.,Personal genomics — Razib Khan @ 12:19 am

Over the past few days some friends have started receiving their results from 23andMe’s last sale (others have put me on notice to inform them of the next discount window). This brings me to thinking about direct-to-consumer genetic testing, and the legal and technological framework in which we live. In relation to the former thanks to Daniel Vorhaus the F.D.A. has reopened the public docket on this issue, until May 2nd. So Monday. The best way to submit is onlinehttp://www.regulations.gov, and reference docket ID FDA-2011-N-0066. I believe this direct link to the submission page should work as well. You obviously know my opinion. Here are some sample submissions. You can also see the submissions so far at this address. Some of them are quite succinct: “FDA let people access their genetic information since it’s one of basic right of human being.”

Dr. Daniel MacArthur has more sage commentary, as usual.

Have a good weekend!

April 29, 2011

Beauty in deep shades of brown

Filed under: Colorism,Culture — Razib Khan @ 3:43 pm

In the comments below there was a reference to the fact that most Bollywood actresses have a certain look. In particular, the look of someone like Katrina Kaif. The “dark skinned” actresses such as Bipasha Basu aren’t even dark skinned by Indian standards (a major caveat here is that make-up can change skin tone, so Basu might be much swarthier without make-up than with). The Persian or Mediterranean appearance of many Indian actresses is always noted by outsiders. In contrast, someone like British Indian actress Parminder Nagra (who is of Jatt background from what I have heard for what it’s worth) looks indubitably Indian.


After a commenter pointed out that the paucity of Dalits in Bollywood I was curious and resorted to Google. I found basically nothing of note. Why? Are people who are dark skinned or lack sharp features naturally ugly? Some South Asians do believe so (they express the opinion in comments). And that’s fine, people are entitled to their opinions. But I would offer something interesting that I’ve stumbled onto years ago: very poor people are ugly. That sounds harsh, but I came to this conclusion by skimming through Daughter of the Ganges, a memoir by a woman who was adopted by a Spanish family from India. In the memoir she tracked down her birth family in a rural village in Maharashtra. There were some plates. The comparison between between the author and her sister, who were not far apart in age, was shocking. To not put too fine a point on it, the author has a good face for being a female memoirist with cross-cultural appeal (granted, her face and her features are of the normal range for the modal South Asian). Her sister, from what I recall, looked far older than her years and would frankly be classed as repulsive if you saw her walking down the street. Why? The same genes expressed in different environments.

The royal wedding and outbreeding

Filed under: Culture,Genetics,Inbreeding,Kate Middleton,Royals — Razib Khan @ 1:14 pm

In the wake of the post from earlier this week on the inbreeding within the House of Windsor (and current lack thereof), Luke Jostins, a subject of the British monarch, has a nice informative post up, Inbreeding, Genetic Disease and the Royal Wedding. This tidbit is of particular interest:

In fact, eleventh cousins is a pretty low degree of relatedness, by the standard of these things. A study of inbreeding in European populations found that couples from the UK are, on average, as genetically related as 6th cousins (the study looked at inbreeding in Scots, and in children of one Orkadian and one non-Orkadian. No English people, but I would be very suprised if we differed significantly). 6th cousins share about 0.006% of their DNA, and thus have about a 0.06% chance of developing a genetic disease via a common ancestor. Giving that the Royal Family are better than most at genealogy, we can probably conclude that the royal couple are less closely related than the average UK couple, and thus their children are less likely than most to suffer from a genetic disease. Good news for them, bad news for geneticists, perhaps?

That’s an interesting flip side of aristocratic ...

Friday Fluff – April 29th, 2011

Filed under: Blog,Friday Fluff — Razib Khan @ 12:00 am

FF3

1) First, a post from the past: Taste & behavior genetics.


2) Weird search query of the week (#5 keyword!): “china provinces”

3) Comment of the week, in response to “What is best in life?”:

You do know that Red Sonja is the third Conan movie?

4) And finally, your weekly fluff fix:

April 28, 2011

Love and arranged marriage

Filed under: Behavior Genetics,Evolution,Evolutionary Psychology — Razib Khan @ 11:46 pm

In the wake of yesterday’s review of a paper on heritable variance in trait preferences realized in romantic partners I couldn’t help but be intrigued by this new study out of PLoS ONE, Evolutionary History of Hunter-Gatherer Marriage Practices. It’s actually a pretty thin piece of work in all honesty from what I can tell. They wanted to query ancestral ranges of marriage patterns by mapping the cultural variation in customs onto a phylogenetic tree. To generate that tree they took mtDNA sequences, which to me seems kind of old school. Using the cultural patterns present in living hunter-gatherer groups they presumed they could infer the ancestral state.

So combining these two sources of data they generated this:

They conclude:

Arranged marriages are inferred to go back at least to first modern human migrations out of Africa. Reconstructions are equivocal on whether or not earlier human marriages were arranged because several African hunter-gatherers have courtship marriages. Phylogenetic reconstructions suggest that marriages in early ancestral human societies probably had low levels of polygyny (low reproductive skew) and reciprocal exchanges between the families of marital partners (i.e., brideservice or brideprice).

There’s an ...

Razib Khan, adivasi token

Filed under: Uncategorized — Razib Khan @ 10:10 pm

Adivasi avenger!

I made a comment below poking fun at the brown tendency to insinuate one’s own affinity with “superior” groups. Zach alluded to this issue by expressing concern that people will take pride in their “Ancestral North Indian” quantum. He also admitted (as thabet confirmed) that Pakistanis are just as conscious of color and caste/class as Hindu Indians. It’s a brown thang. Even people who are Westernized and progressive will make allusions to affinities which strike me as strongly suspicious indicators of a colonized mentality. North Indian Dalits are reputedly not totally comfortable being bracketed with South Indian Dalits, and a biography of B. R. Ambedkar indicated to me even he wasn’t totally comfortable with the proposition that Dalits were non-Aryan indigenes, as opposed to some fallen Aryan group (as is common in their mythos).

On the issue of affinities, according to Zack Ajmal’s identity-by-state estimates this is the closest group in his reference data set to me, Malayan tribe:

The Malayan tribe are a Scheduled Tribe who live in Idukki District of Kerala, India. Their name derives from the Tamil word for Mountain.In the district , they are found in places like the Edamalayar in Kuttampuzha panchayat , Adimali block panchayat . Quite a handful of Malayan tribes are also found in Ernakulam district which is considered to be the official home of these Malayan tribes…Following the tradition of most of the tribal communities of Indian subcontinent, these Malayan tribes too have adapted to various jobs like bamboo carving, fishing. Gathering of the products from the dense forest areas is also a lucrative occupation of most of the Malayan tribes of Kerala. Instances are also found where these Malayan tribes have rented their cultivating lands and also get involve as manual laborers in the fields. Today, these Malayan tribes have taken active participation in all educational as well as cultural fests.


Since Omar and Zach are northwest South Asian (Zach being half-Iranian to boot) they represent the fair beautiful ANI face of the subcontinent (albeit, the one more prone to acts of random barbarity and savagery; let’s be honest here). Thorfinn hails from the mercantile stratum. So it is up to me to represent the vast “backward” segment of the subcontinent. Not only that, but my affinities are strongest with South Indian tribals. Let me repeat that again: South Indian tribals.

OK, what next? Here’s the big takeaway picture: those of you who caste-drop constantly and talk too much about the various rankings look like losers. This doesn’t mean that everyone who mentions their caste is doing this. But there are some people who never shut up about this sort of thing. The Muslim equivalent are the types who won’t shut up about their Arab/Turk/Persian ancestry. It’s like that random white dude constantly prattling on about his Puritan ancestors. Here’s the reality: Increase Mather fucked everybody and left a lot of descendants! Why do you think they named him Increase?

Down to the brass tracks. So I have a close IBS measure to a South Indian adivasi group. How does this matter to anyone? To me? The reality is I’m probably better looking than most of you, especially for a male of my age (I look much younger than my mid-30s). And I’m certainly not going to be impressed by your intelligence in all likelihood. There are some people whose erudition leaves me speechless, but they are few. I’m not saying this to brag, it’s a fact, you know it, I know it. My own confidence in my own superiority over the herd is probably why I’m pretty amused by my genetic closeness to adivasis. Isn’t that a great narrative? You may be more Aryan, but you read me, and I don’t even give a fuck about you or what you think. That’s the truth (with honorable exceptions of course).

I’m a realist, and in some ways a cultural conservative. I don’t believe that utopia is possible. If I was writing from some barbaric hellhole in South Asia I wouldn’t be so sanguine about caste, perhaps (Indians always tell me how it doesn’t matter today, and they may be right, I don’t know from firsthand experience). But I live in the United States. And let me tell you something. What do you call a “sharp featured” “fair” Indian? A sand nigger. In the USA you’re just another snub-nosed darkie. Deal. Let’s just keep and real, and not look like fools, OK?

The three poles of South Asian genetic variation

Filed under: Genetics,Genomics — Razib Khan @ 4:48 pm

Zack Ajmal has posted his K = 11 Reference 3 results including Harappa Ancestry Project participants. Below are the results sorted by the East Asian, South Asian, and Onge. I limited it to those who had 5% or more East Asian. All caps = reference populations. The rest are individuals from HAP:

Group Subgroup Ethnicity S Asian Onge E Asian Austro-Asiatic Khasic KHASI 21% 21% 48% Austro-Asiatic Munda JUANG 26% 43% 28% Austro-Asiatic Munda BONDA 27% 44% 27% Austro-Asiatic Munda GADABA 29% 42% 24% Austro-Asiatic Munda KHARIA 33% 44% 21% Austro-Asiatic Munda SAVARA 33% 44% 21% Austro-Asiatic Munda HO 34% 44% 20% Austro-Asiatic Munda MAWASI 38% 44% 16% Austro-Asiatic Munda ASUR 42% 42% 14% Austro-Asiatic Munda SANTHAL 40% 45% 13% Indo-European Indo-European SAHARIYA 44% 39% 12%

Bengali 51% 28% 12%

Bengali 49% 28% 11% Indo-European Indo-European SATNAMI 49% 36% 8%
Isolate BURUSHO 47% 10% 6%

Bengali 54% 29% 6%

Bengali/Oriya 53% 29% 5% Dravidian Dravidian MALAYAN 50% 42% 5%

UP 48% 21% 5%

That’s my parents at 12 and 11 percent East Asian. Using the new reference population Zack estimates that my “Ancestral South Indian” (ASI) is ~43%. That makes more sense to me that Dodecad’s estimate of ~34%. I think that Dodecad method was confused because I do have genuine East Asian admixture, and the estimate of “Ancestral North India” (ANI) vs. ASI is confounded by other components. I suspect that the estimates of Onge are probably less valid for groups like the Khasi because of bleeding over from the East Asian component (in other words, the regression which Zack used to predict ASI is fitted to South Asian populations without East Asian admixture, and isn’t fully transferable to those that have it). But the geographical breakdown of the East Asian element is pretty striking, if expected. ...

A loss of literacy

Filed under: Culture,Cursive,Literacy — Razib Khan @ 11:49 am

The Case for Cursive:

For centuries, cursive handwriting has been an art. To a growing number of young people, it is a mystery.

The sinuous letters of the cursive alphabet, swirled on countless love letters, credit card slips and banners above elementary school chalk boards are going the way of the quill and inkwell. With computer keyboards and smartphones increasingly occupying young fingers, the gradual death of the fancier ABC’s is revealing some unforeseen challenges.

Not too surprising. But here’s a question: does anyone out there have problems writing by hand, period? I do so little on pen/pencil & paper* that I have been noticing some strangeness in my non-signature writing. Usually when I have to send a letter where I have to write out the address, or perhaps to write something on a card. A lot of our day to day tasks are implicit/subconscious. Our “reflexes” emerge through repetition. But what happens when “basic” tasks become exceptional events? I’ve probably gotten much better at typing with my fingers on my smartphone’s screen at this point than printing out letters. As for cursive, don’t even go there….

* Supermarket shopping lists are now a constantly updated Google Doc which I access in my ...

A loss of literacy

Filed under: Culture,Cursive,Literacy — Razib Khan @ 11:49 am

The Case for Cursive:

For centuries, cursive handwriting has been an art. To a growing number of young people, it is a mystery.

The sinuous letters of the cursive alphabet, swirled on countless love letters, credit card slips and banners above elementary school chalk boards are going the way of the quill and inkwell. With computer keyboards and smartphones increasingly occupying young fingers, the gradual death of the fancier ABC’s is revealing some unforeseen challenges.

Not too surprising. But here’s a question: does anyone out there have problems writing by hand, period? I do so little on pen/pencil & paper* that I have been noticing some strangeness in my non-signature writing. Usually when I have to send a letter where I have to write out the address, or perhaps to write something on a card. A lot of our day to day tasks are implicit/subconscious. Our “reflexes” emerge through repetition. But what happens when “basic” tasks become exceptional events? I’ve probably gotten much better at typing with my fingers on my smartphone’s screen at this point than printing out letters. As for cursive, don’t even go there….

* Supermarket shopping lists are now a constantly updated Google Doc which I access in my ...

A brown palimpsest

Filed under: Genetics — Razib Khan @ 10:57 am

First, I apologize for not answering some questions (this is aimed at you “skeptic”) in regards to Indian genetics. I’m kind of burned out on repeating myself and exploring the topic for a bit. Don’t know why.

Second, there was mention below about the complexities. Both Dienekes and Zack have found that the “West Eurasian” component of South Asian ancestry can be further subdivided. The largest component, which is overwhelming across south, central, and east India is probably the original “Ancestral North Indian.” But there are usually other minor components too which fall out of the analytical algorithm. One of them is common in Pakistan (Zack labelled it Caucasian/Baloch), but can be found all across South Asia, in decreasing frequency as a function of distance and caste rank. Interestingly Reddys in Andhra Pradesh seem to have some of this, and it is very prominent in South Indian Brahmins. A second component is often labelled “European.” An interesting point is that this component is often modal in Jatts, and lacking in the southern Pakistani populations, especially the Brahui and Baloch. Additionally, The Reddy individuals from South India do not have it. Here’s the interesting point: my parents both have the European usually, but far less of the Caucasian/Baloch.

Below is a plot which shows the individuals in HAP who are between 5-25% in total Baloch/Caucasian + European ancestry by ethnicity/caste. The full table is after.

 


Ethnicity S Asian Baloch/Cauc Kalash SE Asian SW Asian Euro NE Asian Baloch/Cauc + Euro
MALAYAN – KERALA TRIBE 84% 0% 0% 8% 0% 0% 2% 0%
Tamil Vishwakarma 87% 3% 0% 2% 2% 0% 4% 3%
NORTH KANNADI 87% 4% 0% 4% 1% 0% 1% 4%
SAKILLI – TAMIL DALIT 86% 6% 0% 4% 1% 0% 1% 6%
Sri Lankan (1/2), Telegu (1/2) 82% 8% 2% 5% 0% 0% 0% 8%
Tamil Vishwakarma 83% 8% 0% 3% 1% 0% 0% 8%
Tamil Nadar 80% 9% 1% 5% 2% 0% 0% 9%
Tamil Muslim 75% 11% 4% 6% 2% 0% 0% 11%
Tamil Nadar 81% 11% 1% 2% 1% 0% 3% 11%
Gujarati 82% 12% 3% 0% 0% 2% 0% 14%
Bengali 64% 10% 2% 11% 1% 4% 2% 14%
Andhra Pradesh 78% 14% 1% 4% 0% 0% 1% 14%
Andhra Pradesh 77% 14% 3% 3% 0% 0% 0% 14%
Tamil Nadar 78% 14% 0% 3% 1% 0% 1% 14%
Bengali 69% 11% 4% 6% 0% 5% 3% 16%
Gujarati 82% 13% 2% 0% 0% 3% 0% 16%
Gujarati 79% 13% 2% 1% 1% 3% 0% 16%
Bengali 63% 14% 1% 11% 0% 3% 5% 17%
Kerala Muslim Rawther 72% 17% 3% 2% 1% 0% 3% 17%
Caribbean Indian 66% 13% 3% 5% 0% 5% 0% 18%
Andhra Pradesh Reddy 76% 18% 2% 1% 0% 0% 2% 18%
Bengali/Oriya 68% 14% 1% 5% 1% 4% 2% 18%
Karnataka 72% 17% 3% 3% 2% 1% 0% 18%
Bihari Kayastha 71% 14% 4% 3% 0% 5% 1% 19%
Caribbean Indian 69% 15% 3% 3% 1% 5% 1% 20%
SINGAPORE INDIANS 70% 18% 3% 3% 0% 3% 1% 21%
Andhra Pradesh Reddy 74% 21% 1% 1% 0% 0% 1% 21%
Sourastrian 70% 16% 1% 4% 0% 5% 0% 21%
GUJARATIS 75% 17% 2% 0% 0% 4% 0% 21%
Karnataka Kannada Brahmin 67% 21% 3% 1% 0% 4% 0% 25%
COCHIN JEWS 60% 22% 1% 3% 8% 3% 0% 25%
Kerala Christian 67% 24% 3% 3% 1% 1% 0% 25%
Karnataka Iyengar Brahmin 66% 20% 4% 1% 1% 6% 0% 26%
Andhra Pradesh (Hyderabadi) 65% 21% 3% 4% 1% 5% 0% 26%
Maharashtra/Madhya Pradesh 65% 22% 4% 0% 0% 4% 2% 26%
Tamil Brahmin 66% 22% 4% 2% 0% 4% 1% 26%
Tam. Brah. Iyeng. (1/2) Hebbar/Karn. Iyeng. (1/2) 64% 22% 5% 1% 0% 4% 1% 26%
Tamil Brahmin Iyer 67% 22% 2% 1% 0% 5% 1% 27%
UP Kayasth 65% 23% 3% 3% 0% 4% 0% 27%
Goan Catholic Brahmin 64% 24% 4% 0% 0% 4% 3% 28%
Mahrashtrian Desastha Brahmin 64% 24% 5% 1% 0% 4% 0% 28%
Tamil Brahmin Iyer 65% 21% 3% 2% 0% 7% 0% 28%
Karnataka Konkani Brahmin 66% 22% 1% 3% 1% 6% 0% 28%
Karnataka Iyengar 65% 24% 3% 2% 0% 5% 0% 29%
Tamil Brahmin 67% 24% 1% 1% 0% 5% 0% 29%
Tamil Brahmin 64% 24% 3% 2% 0% 5% 0% 29%
Tamil Brahmin 63% 25% 4% 2% 0% 4% 0% 29%
Tamil Brahmin 66% 26% 4% 1% 0% 3% 0% 29%
UP 54% 22% 2% 4% 6% 8% 0% 30%
Bengali Brahmin 61% 20% 4% 3% 0% 10% 0% 30%
Kerala Brahmin 61% 27% 3% 2% 1% 3% 1% 30%
Bengali Brahmin 58% 21% 5% 1% 0% 10% 2% 31%
BENE ISRAEL JEWS 47% 26% 2% 1% 17% 5% 0% 31%
Punjabi 59% 25% 4% 2% 0% 7% 0% 32%
UP Brahmin 56% 23% 8% 1% 0% 10% 0% 33%
UP Brahmin 55% 25% 5% 1% 0% 11% 0% 36%
UP/MP/Marathi 54% 29% 5% 0% 0% 7% 2% 36%
Bihari Brahmin 55% 25% 4% 0% 0% 12% 2% 37%
Kashmiri 49% 31% 6% 0% 1% 9% 3% 40%
Punjabi 49% 33% 6% 0% 1% 7% 1% 40%
Punjabi Brahmin 50% 30% 5% 0% 0% 11% 1% 41%
Punjabi 50% 35% 4% 0% 1% 7% 2% 42%
BURUSHO 36% 36% 8% 2% 0% 7% 5% 43%
Punjabi Brahmin 46% 36% 6% 0% 0% 9% 0% 45%
Rajasthani Brahmin 47% 31% 5% 2% 0% 14% 0% 45%
Punjabi (1/2), Sindhi (1/2) 45% 38% 7% 0% 2% 7% 0% 45%
SINDHI 44% 40% 5% 0% 1% 5% 0% 45%
Sindhi 40% 37% 9% 0% 2% 10% 0% 47%
Punjabi Jatt 45% 36% 4% 1% 1% 12% 0% 48%
Punjabi Jatt 44% 36% 5% 1% 0% 12% 0% 48%
Kashmiri 43% 37% 6% 0% 1% 11% 0% 48%
Sindhi (1/2), Balochi (1/2) 39% 45% 5% 1% 3% 3% 0% 48%
Thathai Bhatia 40% 41% 8% 0% 0% 9% 0% 50%
Punjabi Jatt 42% 37% 5% 0% 0% 15% 0% 52%
PATHAN 37% 41% 6% 1% 2% 11% 0% 52%
BALOCHI 29% 57% 3% 0% 6% 1% 0% 58%
MAKRANI 24% 58% 3% 0% 7% 1% 0% 59%
BRAHUI 26% 60% 3% 0% 6% 1% 0% 61%

 

Sheril Kirshenbaum’s lateral meme transfer

Filed under: Blog,Sheril Kirshenbaum — Razib Khan @ 10:30 am

My friend Sheril Kirshenbaum at The Intersection is going solo and joining the crew at Wired Science Blogs. Since I have other friends there the RSS addition will be natural. They better take care of her there. I know from first hand experience that the editors in these digs pay attention to the needs of the bloggers. In any case, Sheril has been someone with whom I’ve had extremely positive interactions with every since we shared space on ScienceBlogs, so I’m definitely excited for her and will keep an eye on what she’s up to. You should too!

What is best in life?

Filed under: Barbarism,Conan the Barbarian — Razib Khan @ 2:42 am

I’m more a connoisseur of the trailers of summer films than a viewer of them. But I notice that a new Conan film is coming out, after years of delays which I was blissfully ignorant of. But honestly this is not a franchise I’d have thought would be up for a “reboot,” but here we are. I have never read more than one of Robert E. Howard’s stories, but the two 1980s films which starred Arnold Schwarzenegger I’ve watched half a dozen times each. They’re campy and silly, but generally fun if your tastes run toward juvenile, or, you are a juvenile. But the trailer for the new edition makes it seem overly serious, without the budgetary sizzle to render it palatable. Below is the trailer for the 2011 film, along with those for the two earlier ones.

Oh, and the answer to the question in the title? According to Conan: To crush your enemies, see them driven before you, and to hear the lamentation of their women. This is reputedly a paraphrase of an assertion of Genghis Khan. If you’re an elementary school kid it seems kind of like a nonsense sentence, let me tell you….

Love is not a hardwired battlefield

Filed under: Evolution,Evolutionary Psychology,Mate Choice,Psychology — Razib Khan @ 1:59 am

ResearchBlogging.orgJudging by some of the amusing search queries I find every Friday people have a wide range of tastes and fetishes when it comes to pornography. From what I can tell the realized phenotypic interval in mate choice is less varied and eye-opening, but exists nonetheless. Why? Is there a rhyme or reason, or is it simply random chance and the necessity of the biological clock ticking? These are not issues which aren’t discussed or mooted thoroughly regularly. The popular science literature is littered with hypotheses from social and evolutionary psychology. How else could you have a books such as The Mating Mind: How Sexual Choice Shaped the Evolution of Human Nature and Survival of the Prettiest: The Science of Beauty. This is sexy science by definition. Not Physics Letters.

There are three broad issues which have interested me in the domain of attraction and evolution. First, what is the character of cultural universals of beauty rooted in biological preferences? Second, what is the character of cultural variation in beauty rooted in contingencies or local conditions? And third, what are the genetic and non-genetic factors in individual mate preference? In this post I’ll ...

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